The HIV virus is transmitted through bodily fluids, and the most common method of transmission is through sexual contact, although it can also be transmitted through sharing equipment used to inject drugs.
The virus attacks and weakens the immune system. If allowed to progress, it can lead to AIDS, which is almost always fatal unless treated.
A woman who is HIV infected can transmit the virus to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
HIV cannot be cured completely. However, antiretroviral drugs can help suppress the virus, which means that people infected with HIV who have access to care and treatment, can avoid getting AIDS and lead full and productive lives.
How is Nurture Africa tackling HIV
- By providing access to voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) to enable all members of society to know their HIV status.
- By facilitating sexual & reproductive health and peer education workshops with youth in order to increase knowledge and understanding of HIV transmission and how to protect oneself from contracting the virus.
- By providing care & anti-retroviral treatment to all HIV infected children and adults, from all backgrounds, at the Nurture Africa Health Centre.
- Through the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) by providing HIV infected and pregnant women with ante-natal care, delivery service and post-natal care
(Treatment programmes in Uganda have resulted in an 86% reduction in new infections among children between 2010 and 2016)
Paediatric Primary Healthcare
The biggest challenge for countries wanting to cut child mortality rates is a lack of robust healthcare infrastructure and a lack of healthcare professionals. By increasing access to Primary Healthcare services, Nurture Africa is working to reduce the child mortality rate in Wakiso District, Uganda.
The majority of children who tragically die, could be saved by medical treatment or prevention measures that stop them contracting illnesses or diseases in the first place.
The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG's) aim to reduce the deaths of under-fives from 43 to 25 per 1,000 live births. Nurture Africa is contributing towards achieving this goal.
How is Nurture Africa is supporting child healthcare
- By facilitating Immunisation Clinics for new born children to ensure they live free of vaccine-preventable diseases.
- By providing treatment for the illnesses and diseases that can be fatal to a child, such as: